Smart Textiles and Fabrics

MXenes have exhibited an array of properties making them ideal for functionalizing fibers, yarns, and fabrics. With existing solution-based textile processing techniques such as dip coating, spray coating and screen printing, MXenes can be applied to natural, regenerated, and synthetic textile substrates with desired loading and intended geometry in a rapid and cost-effective manner. In addition, MXenes have been incorporated directly into polymer matrix for electrospinning and used in liquid crystal form to produce 100% neat MXene yarns. Mechanically robust MXene functionalized yarns have been demonstrated by our group that can withstand industrial knitting and repeated washing cycles while retaining excellent electrical conductivity. In collaboration with Drexel University Center for Functional Fabrics (Prof. Genevieve Dion), we intend to leverage the electrical, electrochemical, optical and mechanical properties of MXenes and their solution processability to create scalable smart textiles for energy storage, communication, sensing and thermal management.

Figure 1. Illustration depicting the development of fibers from natural, regenerated, and synthetic sources to functional fibers by incorporating MXenes, for smart textile applications. 1

Reference: Levitt, A.; Zhang, J.; Dion, G.; Gogotsi, Y.; Razal, J. M. MXene‐Based Fibers, Yarns, and Fabrics for Wearable Energy Storage Devices. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2020, 2000739.

Leading group members: Lingyi Bi, Alex Inman, Tetiana Hryhorchuk, Ruocun (John) Wang, Christopher Shuck